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For women, as for men, the ceremony revolved around the presentation of adult clothing; however, women were presented with a pleated skirt, not a court cap. Only 30 per cent of Japanese people reached the age of 65 and average life expectancy was 63 years for men and 67 years for women in the mid-1950s. Here was the context for the social problem of 'care-giving hell', extreme cases involving the killing of whole families and forty reported homicides annually.

Coming of age ceremonies have been celebrated in Japan since at least 714 CE, during the reign of Empress Genmei when a young prince donned new robes and a hairstyle to mark his passage into adulthood. Furthermore, 20% of the women in their 20s or younger responded that the Ceremony is an event where new adults meet in formal suits and festive clothes. When the capping ceremony was held for the son of a Counselor or Consultant, the capping parent was most often a Kakan and the ceremony took place at a Kakan's residence. Both the capping parent and the biological parents made preparations for the ceremony, but the capping parent was more active in making arrangements. The first time I went I took a "self-guided adventure" organised by Inside Japan (a specialist English Agency that works mainly be eamil, all over the world) which is basicaly an itinerary, hotels (and ryokens) transport (Japan rail pass, ferry ticket, bus tickets) and a full day delightful fluent English speaking private guide in Tokyo and Kyoto who will take you anywhere your interests indicate.According to the stereotype, Japan's tradition of strong family care for older people means that dedicated and responsible children look after dependent older parents within extended family living arrangements, with very few institutionalised elderly. For example, adult status becomes effective on the 18th birthday, with some exceptions; both men and women can marry and are released from parental authority. In 1185 AD the aristocratic court government of classical Japan was forced to coexist with a warrior-administration, ushering in the Age of the Samurai.

There are lessons and policy implications for Japan, Britain and elsewhere concerning deficiencies of family care, and associated problems of 'care-giving hell' and 'social hospitalisation'. For example, a samurai family of lower status might, through the ceremony of genpuku, become tied to a higher status family. According to a 1999 official survey, nearly one-quarter of family carers daily spent over eight hours on caring tasks and half were aged 60 or over. Pooled means and SE were calculated using a random-effects model if heterogeneity was present ( Q-value: p < 0. Girls engaged in genpuku as well, although the particular ceremonial rituals were more commonly referred to as mogi.

Secondly since the 1970s large numbers of 'abandoned' older people were effectively resident in hospitals, often with little need of medical care, compounding 'social hospitalisation'. The second time I went, I just gave IJ a list of places I wanted to see,and they sorted out the details. Genpuku was undergone by both males and females, but was differentiated by ceremonial dress, with men receiving signifying headgear such as a ceremonial court cap ( 冠, kanmuri ) or samurai helmet and women receiving, instead, a pleated skirt ( 裳着, mogi ). Meanwhile, the poor but frail or chronic sick requiring continuing care were effectively excluded from old people's institutions, as were others needing medical attention.

  • Fruugo ID: 258392218-563234582
  • EAN: 764486781913
  • Sold by: Fruugo

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